Last edited by Kigatilar
Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Some remarks on the migrations of wild reindeer in Fennoscandia. found in the catalog.

Some remarks on the migrations of wild reindeer in Fennoscandia.

Eliel Steen

Some remarks on the migrations of wild reindeer in Fennoscandia.

by Eliel Steen

  • 203 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by Almqvist & Wiksell in Stockholm .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Scandinavia.
    • Subjects:
    • Reindeer -- Migration -- Scandinavia.

    • Edition Notes

      Bibliography: p. 178-179.

      SeriesArkiv för zoologi. Ser. 2, bd. 20,, nr. 9
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQL1 .A55 ser. 2, bd. 20, nr. 9
      The Physical Object
      Pagination175-179 p.
      Number of Pages179
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL5656645M
      LC Control Number68100344

      The concept of herding large stocks and the reindeer husbandry had not caught on as it did later on. Early in the eighteenth century the Kola lake Lapland reindeer population went through many lean years, as the people migration increased from the south, more reindeer were being trapped and hunted, and it could not be sustained any longer. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

      Reindeer and game meat could, at least to some extent, be considered red meat; that is, meat with red-colored raw muscle tissue. Red meat is generally described as a lean food item that includes all essential amino acids in a good mix for humans, and it is an important source of vitamin B12, niacin, vitamin B6, iron, zinc, and phosphorus. When the herd runs it’s always with the head into the wind. The last wild reindeer in Sweden was shot in the late 19th century; today , reindeer graze on herding areas that make up 40 percent of Sweden’s land mass; they’re owned by Sámi. Male reindeer weights range from to kilograms, does weigh between 60 and 90 kilograms.

      An image of a bull caribou, or reindeer, with the word "tuktu" (caribou) spelled out in the Inuit (Eskimo) alphabet. The caribou (Rangifer tarandus), known as the reindeer outside of North America, is a deer of the Arctic and Subarctic. While overall widespread and numerous, some subspecies are rare and one has gone extinct. The Inuit word tuktu means - deer that never stops moving. Caribou Price: $ In the spring of , the Red Book of Russian Federation was officially amended and reissued. Forty-three mammals and birds were added to the new Russian federal list of endangered species, including the saiga antelope, the wild reindeer, the greylag goose, the .


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Some remarks on the migrations of wild reindeer in Fennoscandia by Eliel Steen Download PDF EPUB FB2

Wild reindeer were important prey after the last ice age Reindeer-related rock paintings and place names The yearly cycle of ancient peoples was based on the migrations of reindeer The balance was disrupted when the human population increased and hunting methods became more effective In the early s wild forest reindeer disappeared from.

Reindeer in northern Fennoscandia (northern Norway, Sweden and Finland) as well in the Kola Peninsula and Yakutia in Russia, are all [dubious – discuss] semi-wild domestic reindeer (Rangifer tarandus f.

domesticus), ear-marked by their owners. Some reindeer in the area are truly domesticated, mostly used as draught animals (nowadays commonly Class: Mammalia.

About reindeer in Fennoscandia. Fennoscandian reindeer are not a homogenous population: from the wild tundra reindeer of central Norway and the semi-domesticated herds (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) of the Sami people to the forest reindeer of Finland (R. tarandus fennicus) [4, 5].Reindeer herding in this region is based on traditional nomadic pastoralism of the Sami : Rebecca K.

Davidson, Torill Mørk, Karin E. Holmgren, Antti Oksanen. This paper discusses the early migration of the wild reindeer into Finland. Reindeer bones found in dated archaeological contexts suggest that the two subspecies, the mountain reindeer (Rangifer. The reindeer is a widespread and numerous species in the northern Holarctic, being present in both tundra and taiga (boreal forest).

Originally, the reindeer was found in Scandinavia, eastern Europe, Russia, Mongolia, and northern China north of the 50th North America, it was found in Canada, Alaska (United States), and the northern conterminous USA from Washington to. About reindeer in Fennoscandia. from the wild tundra reindeer of central Norway.

and the semi-domesticated herds (Rangifer tarandus. We cannot rule out that some of the small. Wild forest reindeer, are similar to the woodland caribou in North America. The male wild forest reindeer weighs kg ( lb) kg ( lb) and the female 60 kg ( lb) kg ( lb).

As the ice sheets mel years ago, wild reindeer reached Fennoscandia from the eastern side of the Baltic Sea. Their range reached its peak in the. Cervus tarandus Linnaeus, The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou in North America,[3] is a species of deer with circumpolar distribution, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic, tundra, boreal, and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia, and North America.[2] This includes b.

The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as caribou in North America, is a species of deer with circumpolar distribution, native to arctic, subarctic, tundra, boreal, and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia, and North America. This includes both sedentary and migratory populations.

While overall widespread and numerous, some of its subspecies are rare and at least one has. Past human land use has received increasing attention as an important driver of ecosystem change also in seemingly natural landscapes.

Quantification of historical land use is therefore critical for assessing the degree of human impact and requires integration of ecology, history and archaeology. This study aims to assess and compare levels of resource use by different actors during years. Throughout history reindeer have played a central role in Sami subsistence and culture.

The ways in which the Sami connected to and used the reindeer have changed over time. Very early on the Sami hunted wild reindeer, using both trapping pits and snares (Bergman ), but eventually they started domestication (Hansen and Olsen ). During the. reindeer pastoralism gradually replaced hunting in Fennoscandia, reindeer owners became increasingly responsible for the environment for the animals.

Reindeer were often kept close at hand, as draft and milking animals. During the 16th and 17th centuries, diseases like the “reindeer pest”, anthrax, digital necrobacillosis (“slubbo”) and. Arctic - Arctic - The people: The Arctic, or circumpolar, peoples are the indigenous inhabitants of the northernmost regions of the world.

For the most part, they live beyond the climatic limits of agriculture, drawing a subsistence from hunting, trapping, and fishing or from pastoralism. Thus climatic gradients, rather than simple latitude, determine the effective boundaries of the. For other uses, see Reindeer (disambiguation).

"Caribou" redirects here. For other uses, see Caribou (disambiguation). Reindeer Te. Share some fun facts about reindeers with your kids as he colors the sheet.

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer: Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, also known as Santa’s Ninth Reindeer is a cartoon reindeer with a glowing red nose. He is depicted as the lead reindeer.

Reindeer were one of the mainstays of the hunter-fisher-gather diet in northern Norway ().Accounts describe the hunts during the spring and fall (before the rutting season) between the winter and summer pastures (Tanner, ′, ′, ; Tegengren, 89–; Vorren, ) as most fall animals were fat, strong, and their fur was at its best for making clothes.

Our data demonstrate independent origins of domestic reindeer in Russia and Fennoscandia. This implies that the Saami people of Fennoscandia domesticated their own reindeer independently of the indigenous cultures also found that augmentation of local reindeer herds by crossing with wild animals has been : Chief Executive Officer at.

Domesticated reindeer are mostly found in northern Fennoscandia and Russia, with a herd of approximately reindeer living around the Cairngorms region in last remaining wild tundra reindeer in Europe are found in portions of southern Norway. [10]A few reindeer from Norway were introduced to the South Atlantic island of South Georgia in the beginning of the 20th century.

Wild populations of reindeer Rangifer tarandus are geographically restricted to Fennoscandia and the species has been assessed as Least Concern at the European level on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) Red List (Henttonen & Tikhonov ), though the Red List of Finnish Species included the wild forest reindeer.

The reindeer stand motionless on the lake, sometimes nosing the ground and otherwise looking a little surprised. Nasti perches on the back of a snowmobile, apparently aware that he’s had his fun, and the drone of engines is silenced as the riders gather round for a chat.

The first morning’s work of the annual migration is done. Domesticated reindeer are mostly found in northern Fennoscandia and Russia, with a herd of approximately reindeer living around the Cairngorms region in last remaining wild tundra reindeer in Europe are found in portions of southern Norway.

[9]A few reindeer from Norway were introduced to the South Atlantic island of South Georgia in the beginning of the 20th century.Originally hunters, especially of wild reindeer, some Saami converted to domestic reindeer breeding in the most recent half-millennium.

Today, several forms of reindeer management, all essentially oriented to a cash market, support as much as 35 percent of the Population in some regions, while other regions have only some combination of farming.The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as caribou in North America, is a species of deer with circumpolar distribution, native to Arctic, Subarctic, tundra, boreal and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia, and North America.

This includes both sedentary and migratory populations. While overall widespread and numerous, some of its subspecies are rare and at least one has.